Learning Node #22: Pushing User Data to our API

October 05, 2018

Updating our data

When a user clicks to ‘heart’ a store, we want to update the data and ajax the data back in.

We will add a property called hearts on the User schema, it is going to be an array of ObjectIds, referencing stores.

hearts: [
    type: mongoose.Schema.ObjectId,
    ref: 'Store',

Add the form for hearting stores

In _storeCard.pug we will add this section at the top of the .store_actions div:

//- _storeCard.pug

//- .store-actions
if user
    form.heart(method="POST" action=`/api/stores/${store._id}/heart`)
      button.heart__button(type="submit" name="heart")
        != h.icon('heart')
//- rest of file

See how it takes the storeID and posts that to our API?

We will modify this a little shortly, but let’s go to our storeController and handle this new post action.

Add the route


router.post('/api/stores/:id/heart', catchErrors(storeController.heartStore))

Handle the post action

Notice how we compute the operator, and then we use that computed operator using ES6 syntax by wrapping it in square brackets. Pretty cool!

// storeController.js
// add this import
const User = mongoose.model('User')

exports.heartStore = async (req, res) => {
  // passport.js adds the user object to every request
  // mongoDB puts the toString method on objID's for us
  const hearts = req.user.hearts.map(obj => obj.toString())
  const operator = hearts.includes(req.params.id) ? '$pull' : '$addToSet'
  const user = await User.findByIdAndUpdate(
    { [operator]: { hearts: req.params.id } },
    { new: true }

Cool, so we submit the form, it adds or subtracts the store from the user’s hearts.

But we want to do a few things:

  1. Apply some styles to hearted stores’ icons.

  2. Track how many stores the user has hearted

  3. Apply an animation, remove it soon after.

Client side JavaScript module

So we will Bling in this badass bit of JavaScript:

// javascripts/module/heart.js
import axios from 'axios'
import { $ } from './bling'

function heartStore(e) {
    .then(res => {
      const isHearted = this.heart.classList.toggle('heart__button--hearted')
      $('.heart-count').textContent = res.data.hearts.length
      if (isHearted) {
          () => this.heart.classList.remove('heart__button--float'),
export default ajaxHeart

We must of course call this code on our form submit,in the javascripts’ index file, delicious-app.js:

// javascripts/delicious-app.js
import ajaxHeart from './modules/heart'
// $$ = querySelectorAll
const heartForms = $$('form.heart')
heartForms.on('submit', heartStore)

Query stores based on current users hearts

While we are on the subject of hearts, we have a link to /hearts right in our main navigation.

You know the drill. Hit a route:

// routes/index.js

Now excercise control of that route! We’ve displayed stores before…

// storeController.js

exports.getStoresByUserHearts = async (req, res) => {
  const stores = await Store.find({
    _id: { $in: req.user.hearts },
  res.render('stores', { stores, title: 'Hearted Stores' })

In the next one, we add user reviews!

John Moen

Written by John Moen, a web developer in Austin, Texas. github.com/Dissolutio